They also produce two female hormones known as estrogen and progesterone. The cancer may be caused by the high amounts of hormones which are produced before and during ovulation.
Tumors which form in the ovaries can be benign (non-cancerous), or malignant (cancerous). The benign cells do not spread, but remain in the ovaries, whereas the malignant cells will spread.
The malignant cells begin on the inside of an ovary, and then work their way to the outside and eventually the cancer spreads to other parts of the body. Normally the cancer cells spread to adjacent tissues, and organs in the pelvis and abdomen. But they can also spread through the bloodstream or lymph nodes to other parts of the body.
Only about 20% of ovarian cancers are found before the cancer has begun to spread past the ovaries.
The Stages, Symptoms, Risk Factors and Remedies
The early symptoms of ovarian cancer are similar to symptoms of many other diseases, and thus for a long time, the symptoms were unknown to medical professionals. As a result ovarian cancer became known as a silent killer, because by the time the patients were diagnosed with it, it was too late for treatment. So it is critical that this cancer is detected in its early stages.
What Are The Symptoms of ovarian cancer?
Because the early symptoms are those of other common ailments it is difficult to know whether or not they could be linked to ovarian cancer. However, with most common ailments the symptoms will disappear, but when associated with ovarian cancer they do not disappear, but instead, they gradually become worse as the cancer cells continue to grow.
Some of the symptoms of ovarian cancer are:
Abdominal pressures such as fullness, bloating, or swelling.
Urinary urgency, or frequency.
Trouble eating, or feeling full after only a small amount of food has been consumed.
Indigestion, gas or nausea which does not go away.
Inconsistent menstrual cycles.
Pain during intercourse.
Chronic fatigue or lack of energy.
Lower back pain.
Who Is At Risk, and What Are The Risk Factors?
Ovarian cancer usually only develops after menopause, but can also occur before menopause. As one ages, the risk increases.
Women who have had no children, or had their first child after the age of 30 are at a higher risk.
Women who began menstruating at an early age (before 12), and had a late menopause (after 50), are also at an increased risk.
Those who have trouble conceiving, although, researchers do not know whether this is because of infertility, or because of infertility drugs which are administered to the patients.
Hormone replacement therapy also plays a major role in causing ovarian cancer.
Obesity is linked to more severe ovarian cancers, and increases the risk by 80%. The fat cells help to produce higher levels of estrogen which is linked to causing ovarian cancer.
A drug called danazol, has also been linked to ovarian cancer. It is a male hormone (androgen) which is used to treat endometriosis.
A high fat diet also largely increases the risk of ovarian cancers.
Those who have had breast cancer are also at a higher risk for developing ovarian cancer.
Family history, if someone in the family has had ovarian cancer it increases the risk by 10-15 percent.
Gene mutations (or so they say).
The Stages Of Ovarian Cancer
The stages depend on how far the cancer has spread, and basically there are four stages to ovarian cancer.
Stage 1.) The cancer affects one or both ovaries, and may have begun to spread to the outside of the ovaries.
Stage 2.) The cancer affects one or both ovaries, and has begun to spread to other parts of the pelvic area such as the Fallopian tubes, uterus, bladder, or rectum.
Stage 3.) The cancer affects one or both ovaries, and has begun to spread to the lining of the abdomen or to the lymph nodes.
Stage 4: The cancer affects one or both ovaries, and has begun to spread to the liver or the lungs.
Conventional treatments used to treat ovarian cancer are surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. The stage of the cancer will determine which treatment is suitable.
Natural Treatments for Ovarian Cancer
Chinese Medicines, as well as Herbal remedies are very effective in treating ovarian cancer.
There are also home remedies that can help relieve the symptoms and even reverse the cancer. Dandelion root powder, graviola, pepper, bitter gourd, spearmint and bamboo leaves are said to be effective. Common foods, such as strawberries, raspberries, avocados, cranberries and blueberries are also beneficial against cancer.
Some other remedies include the use of Ginger, wolfberries, grape seeds, Milk thistle, Roselle, Fenugreek seeds, Maitake mushrooms, Neem leaves and Neem flowers, Hazelnut kernel, Muskmelon, Pine Pollen, Rosemary, Ginkgo, Burr Marigold, Saffron, Artichoke, White Currant, Black Currant, Sweet Potato, Passion Flower, and Sage.
It is also very important to change to a raw plant-based diet to help the body to detoxify, and restore the nutrition that it needs to heal itself.